outrigger là gì

From Wikipedia, the không lấy phí encyclopedia

This article is about a structure fitted onto some boats. For boats fitted with this structure, sometimes also called "outriggers", see Outrigger boat.

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Relief of Borobudur Temple (8th century AD) in Central Java, Indonesia, showing a ship with outrigger
Outrigger on a contemporary Hawaiian sailing canoe

An outrigger is a projecting structure on a boat, with specific meaning depending on types of vessel. Outriggers may also refer vĩ đại legs on a wheeled vehicle that are folded out when it needs stabilization, for example on a crane that lifts heavy loads.

Missile vehicle standing on its outriggers vĩ đại stabilize launch

Powered vessels and sailboats[edit]

An outrigger describes any contraposing float rigging beyond the side (gunwale) of a boat vĩ đại improve the vessel's stability. If a single outrigger is used it is usually but not always windward.[1] The technology was originally developed by the Austronesian people. There are two main types of boats with outriggers: double outriggers (prevalent in maritime Southeast Asia) and single outriggers (prevalent in Madagascar, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia). Multihull ships are also derived from outrigger boats.[2]

In an outrigger canoe and in sailboats such as the proa, an outrigger is a thin, long, solid, hull used vĩ đại stabilise an inherently unstable main hull. The outrigger is positioned rigidly and parallel vĩ đại the main hull sánh that the main hull is less likely vĩ đại capsize. If only one outrigger is used on a vessel, its weight reduces the tendency vĩ đại capsize in one direction and its buoyancy reduces the tendency in the other direction.

On a keelboat, "outrigger" refers vĩ đại a variety of structures by which the running rigging (such as a sheet) may be attached outboard (outside the lateral limits) of the boat's hull. The Racing Rules of Sailing generally prohibit[3] such outriggers, though they are explicitly permitted on specific classes, such as the IMOCA Open 60[4] used in several major offshore races.

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In fishing from vessels, an outrigger is a pole or series of poles that allow boats vĩ đại trawl more lines in the water without tangling and simulates a school of fish.


Early racing sculls with outriggers in 1851.

In a rowing boat or galley, an outrigger (or rigger) is a triangular frame that holds the rowlock (into which the oar is slotted) away from the saxboard (or gunwale in gig rowing) vĩ đại optimize leverage. Wooden outriggers appear on the new trireme around the 7th or 6th centuries BC and later on Italian galleys around AD 1300, while Harry Clasper (1812–1870), a British professional rower, popularised the use of the modern tubular-metal version and the top rowing events accepted the physiological and ergonomic advantages sánh acceded vĩ đại its use in competitions. In recent decades, some manufacturers of racing shells have proposed wing-riggers which are reinforced arcs or flattened tubular projections akin vĩ đại aircraft wings, instead of conventional triangular structures.

See also[edit]

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Look up outrigger in Wiktionary, the không lấy phí dictionary.

  • Outrigger canoe
  • Outrigger canoe racing
  • Racing shell
  • Sailing canoe
  • Training wheels


Wikimedia Commons has truyền thông related vĩ đại Outriggers.